Global Positioning System (GPS) telemetry allows us to monitor fine scale movement patterns of even the most elusive species including caracal and leopard. Using GPS radio-collars we are able to track individual animals for extended periods of time and study their movements and feeding habits on farms as well as in a protected area. If an animal has stayed in a small spatial space for > 6 hours our Research Team will go and investigate the GPS cluster location searching for wild or domestic prey as well as tracks or scat.
In order to test the effectiveness of Anatolian guard dogs and EcoRangers, our experimental design requires monitoring focal sheep and goat flocks on participating farms and GPS radio-telemetry allows us to quantify depredation rates for our study flocks. Although scat analysis is an excellent way to identify the proportion of prey items, it will not tell us the spatial location of where the prey was killed. Therefore, we rely on GPS cluster visitations to identify which farms and where on farms sheep and goats are eaten in addition to whether livestock is a large proportion of predator diet.